Hip Replacement

Hip Replacement

Hip Replacement

If your hip has been damaged by arthritis, a fracture, or other conditions, common activities such as walking or getting in and out of a chair may be painful and difficult. Your hip may be stiff, and it may be hard to put on your shoes and socks. You may even feel uncomfortable while resting.

If medications, changes in your everyday activities, and the use of walking supports do not adequately help your symptoms, you may consider hip replacement surgery. Hip replacement surgery is a safe and effective procedure that can relieve your pain, increase motion, and help you get back to enjoying normal, everyday activities.

First performed in 1960, hip replacement surgery is one of the most successful operations in all of medicine. Since 1960, improvements in Joint Replacement Surgical Techniques and Technology have Greatly Increased the Effectiveness of Total Hip Replacement..

Anatomy of a Normal Hip

The hip is one of the body's largest joints. It is a ball - and - socket joint. The socket is formed by the acetabulum, which is part of the large pelvis bone. The ball is the femoral head, which is the upper end of the femur (Thighbone).

The bone surfaces of the ball and socket are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth tissue that cushions the ends of the bones and enables them to move easily.

Common Causes of Hip Pain

The most common cause of chronic hip pain and disability is Arthritis. Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Traumatic Arthritis are the most common forms of this disease.

  • Osteoarthritis. This is an age - related "Wear and Tear" type of arthritis.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis. This is an autoimmune disease.
  • Post - traumatic arthritis. This can follow a serious hip injury or fracture. The cartilage may become damaged and lead to hip pain and stiffness over time.
  • Avascular necrosis. An injury to the hip, such as a dislocation or fracture, may limit the blood supply to the femoral head. This is called avascular necrosis (also commonly referred to as "Osteonecrosis").
  • Childhood hip diseases.


In a Total Hip Replacement (also called Total Hip Arthroplasty), the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components.

  • The damaged femoral head is removed and replaced with a metal stem that is placed into the hollow center of the femur. The femoral stem may be either cemented or "Press Fit" into the bone.
  • A metal or ceramic ball is placed on the upper part of the stem. This ball replaces the damaged femoral head that was removed.
  • The damaged cartilage surface of the socket (acetabulum) is removed and replaced with a metal socket. Screws or cement are sometimes used to hold the socket in place.
  • A plastic or ceramic spacer is inserted between the new ball and the socket to allow for a smooth gliding surface.

Is Hip Replacement Surgery for You ?

  • The decision to have Hip Replacement Surgery should be a cooperative one made by you, your family and your orthopaedic surgeon.

Candidates for Surgery

There are no absolute age or weight restrictions for total hip replacements.

Recommendations for surgery are based on a patient's pain and disability, not age. Most patients who undergo Total Hip Replacement are age 50 to 80, but orthopaedic surgeons evaluate patients individually. Total Hip Replacements have been Performed Successful.

lly at all ages, from the young teenager with juvenile arthritis to the elderly patient with degenerative arthritis.

Is Hip Replacement Surgery for You ?

There are several reasons why your doctor may recommend hip replacement surgery. People who benefit from Hip Replacement Surgery often have :

  • Hip pain that limits everyday activities, such as walking or bending.
  • Hip pain that continues while resting, either day or night.
  • Stiffness in a hip that limits the ability to move or lift the leg.
  • Inadequate pain relief from anti - inflammatory drugs, physical therapy or walking supports.

At Anusha Hospital, all the options are discussed with the patient and the relative Advantages vs Disadvantages of Cemented / Uncemented Total Hip Replacement. Different Bearing surfaces of Hip Replacement. are discussed with the patient.

We have efficient team of Physiotherapist to take care of post op rehabilitation of the patient. There are experienced nursing staff for post op dressing of elderly patients at their home post discharge.